By Aimee Turner
The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), airlines and aviation industry unions today announced a partnership with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) to share safety information that could help prevent accidents.
The information, shared through an initiative called the Aviation Safety Information Analysis and Sharing (ASIAS) Executive Board, will help the NTSB determine if an accident is a unique event or an indication of systemic risks. Under ASIAS, airlines and unions already voluntarily share safety information with FAA to identify trends.
“The nation’s impressive safety record is in part due to an unwavering commitment by government and industry to work together to monitor data and identify trends to prevent accidents,” said FAA Acting Administrator Michael Huerta. “More than 90 per cent of air carriers use voluntary reporting programmes and this has led to significant training, operational and maintenance programme improvements.”
“I am grateful to the FAA, industry and labour for their leadership,’’ said Deborah A.P. Hersman, NTSB chairman. “Better information leads to better investigations.”
“The US aviation industry’s commitment to sharing safety information has already successfully helped us lower the fatality risk on commercial flights,” said Captain Paul Morell, Vice President, Safety, Security and Environmental Programmes, US Airways and ASIAS Executive Board co-chair. “Through ASIAS, we know that industry and government are investing in the right safety solutions.”
ASIAS uses aggregate, protecteddata from industry and government voluntary reporting programs, without identifying the source of the data, to proactively find safety issues, identify safety enhancements, and measure the effectiveness of solutions. ASIAS began in 2007 and now has 44 members and receives voluntary data representing 95 percent of all commercial air carrier operations.
It connects 131 data and information sources across the industry and is integrated into the Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) process. CAST is a joint government and industry effort that uses a data-driven strategy to reduce the commercial aviation fatality risk in the United States and promote safety initiatives throughout the world. Their work, along with new aircraft, regulations and other activities, reduced the fatality risk for commercial aviation in the United States by 83 percent from 1998 to 2008.
Seven of CAST’s 76 safety enhancements have been derived from forward-looking data analysis in ASIAS. Additionally, ASIAS stays connected to CAST’s safety enhancements to track the effectiveness of those interventions. The databases used to identify trends include Flight Operations Quality Assurance (FOQA) programs, the Aviation Safety Action Partnership (ASAP), the Air Traffic Safety Action Program (ATSAP), FAA surveillance data, and many others.
The agreement outlines the procedures, guidelines, and roles and responsibilities for the ASIAS Executive Board to address specific written NTSB requests for ASIAS information. The agreement does not allow any of the parties to use aggregate FOQA, ASAP, ATSAP or other non-publicly available data to measure an individual data contributor’s performance or safety.
The NTSB will initiate written requests for ASIAS information related to aircraft accidents involving U.S. air carriers that occur in the United States and address safety issues that both the NTSB and the ASIAS board determine are significant and non-routine or reoccurring. The NTSB will not publicly disclose ASIAS information it receives via the process unless the ASIAS Executive Board agrees.
The NTSB will share with ASIAS its archived air carrier accident and incident flight data recorder information related to a request.
Peggy Gilligan, Associate Administrator for Aviation Safety, FAA and Captain Paul Morell, Vice President, Safety, Security and Environmental Programmes, US Airways signed the agreement for the ASIAS Executive Board. David Mayer, Managing Director, signed for the NTSB.